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Understanding how your brain works and improving brain functions


Technology to help you improve affected brain functions

At Bickford Covington, we recognize that one’s psychological health effects physical health; there is no separation between the two. As such, we provide therapies to directly impact both the brain (Neurofeedback Therapy) and body (Biofeedback Therapy) in real-time. With practice, the skills you will learn will essentially “hardwire” allowing improved physiological function in critical areas of your life; brain, heart, muscular and more.

Neurofeedback will improve brain function that has been affected by personal psychological trauma, traumatic brain injury, neurological issues such as ADD/ADHD and early onset dementia, learning disabilities, stress management, focus and alertness issues due to poor sleep patterns, chronic pain (facial pain, TMJ, headaches, back pain), gastrointestinal disorders (irritable bowel, ulcers, etc.), hypertension, insomnia, pre and post-surgical, muscle spasms, balance/coordination issues, chronic fatigue, anxiety and panic attacks; and so much more.


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Frequently Asked Questions

Individual Psychotherapy

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What is Neurofeedback? What’s the difference between Neurofeedback and Biofeedback?

Neurofeedback is a form of Biofeedback that relies on observing, monitoring and learning how to alter brain activity, where the principles of Biofeedback generally apply to the body as a whole.

Neurofeedback employs special sensors that are attached to the head to record brain functioning, which then ‘feed back’ information about its activity to help the individual correct conditions that may be experienced.

Changes in brain wave patterns can be readily felt and experienced, while observed on instruments, usually projected onto monitors or computer screens.

This form of ‘feedback’ treatment is known as EEG Biofeedback or Neurofeedback — a means by which an individual can learn to modulate of self-regulate brain activity.

Is Neurofeedback safe? Is it based on science?

Neurofeedback is completely safe and there have been many positive outcomes from research studies. Over the years, this research has stimulated an increase in the number of conditions investigated and applications for treatment. In some cases, Neurofeedback has become a favored choice of treatment for conditions such as Attention Deficit Disorder.

Since the 1960’s, there has been extensive research in the field, in fact early Neurofeedback studies, such Alpha Training research, were more prominent than early reports of Biofeedback.

What can it do for me and can Neurofeedback improve my health?

Regularly practicing specific skills learned from Neurofeedback training can certainly help improve your health by changing how your brain and body respond to damaging and unhealthy conditions and behaviors. For example, becoming more aware of negative responses to stress.

Like the use of other healthy practices, such as increased exercise, good nutrition and diet, the Neurofeedback process can help an individual learn to calm or stimulate brain function, increasing awareness of how to control or self-regulate healthy outcomes.

Is Neurofeedback complicated? How does it work? Does it hurt? How long does it take?

Although, at first, Neurofeedback procedures may seem complicated, they become repetitious, making it easier to learn and improve control and self-regulation.

Neurofeedback, like Biofeedback is based on established learning principles – identifying negative factors, learning new skills, practice and expanded awareness of how the condition can be controlled.

Standard Neurofeedback procedure may include:

1) painless attachment of 2 to 20 sensors to the head, sometimes separate attachments to the ears or other places (forehead, neck) to help record minute electrical signals from the brain. Application of the larger number of sensors may be applied once or twice for the purpose of assessment or ‘brain mapping.’
2) depending on the assessment results, Neurofeedback training may occur at one to six sites on the head at one time, depending on the type of condition being treated, although one or two sites is most common.
3) brain activity in the form of brain waves is displayed on a monitor or computer screen for the individual to observe and learn to manage or ‘regulate.’
4) learning occurs with verbal feedback from the Neurofeedback provider or (visual/auditory/sensory) feedback from a Neurofeedback program or game.
5) treatment instructions may be given by a provider or in written form, which helps with understanding the procedure, setting learning goals, skill practice and review of results.

All Neurofeedback treatment is ‘non invasive’ meaning that electrical sensors are not placed inside the body or pierce the skin. There is no electrical stimulation involved and sensors are only used to monitor or read the brain’s electrical activity.

Depending on the type or complexity of the condition, treatment and learning ability of the individual, treatments can last from 10 to 40 sessions

What kinds of things can be helped with Neurofeedback?

Because of the overwhelming complexity of the brain and its functions, a number of treatments for cognitive functioning can be addressed, such as memory, focus, attention, pain, anxiety, depression, etc.

I thought Neurofeedback was like playing a bunch of video games.

Well- designed video games can partially help an individual learn new things but there is more to it.

Important questions to ask are: 1) does the game help train you to become more aware of what is going on in your body (and brain); 2) are you building new skills, 3) does it challenge and appropriately push you to a higher level 4) Do you feel better or differently when you are finished?

Good Neurofeedback instruction, with or without the video games, should do all of this.

Neurofeedback, ‘train the brain’ advertisements say that it’s easy and fast. Is that too good to be true?

The brain is highly complex and if pain or discomfort is involved it is important to have meaningful assessments of what is going on before attempting the ‘train the brain.’

There are a number of commercial Neurofeedback providers that can produce quick, positive sensations or temporary relief from discomforting symptoms. Sometimes it is only a form of visual/electrical stimulation.

An important aspect of Neurofeedback training : 1) what is the origin of the symptom , 2) have you taken the appropriate time to learn to control or regulate what has caused it, 3 has there been a positive change – how do you feel? When choosing Neurofeedback training ensure that it includes this process of learning and self-control to improve your overall health helps you to feel better.

Sometimes, this is not completed in a quick session – just because we feel anxious or impatient to have something happen it may take a little time to learn. That is normal.

Full Spectrum Psychology Services in the Inland Empire.

Dr. Tracy Covington
Bickford Covington Psychology, PC BBB Business Review



511 Brookside Ave Suite A, Redlands, CA 92373

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